Patrick Pouyanné, chairman and CEO of TotalEnergies, entrusted Jean-Christophe Rufin in December 2022, on behalf of the partners of the Mozambique LNG project, with an independent mission to assess the humanitarian situation in the province of Cabo Delgado where the project is located
Rufin, a recognised expert in the field humanitarian action and human rights, has carried out several investigation field trips in Mozambique. TotalEnergies publishes his report as well as the action plan decided by Mozambique LNG partners based on the recommendations of the report.
The report recalls that the conflict in the province of Cabo Delgado has origins pre-dating the gas development projects and finds its roots in multiple factors not related to Mozambique LNG. It assesses the humanitarian operations and the socio-economic development programmes undertaken by Mozambique LNG around the Afungi site since 2021. It notes an improved humanitarian situation in the north of Cabo Delgado, in particular with the return of the populations displaced by the conflict to the town of Palma and to a lesser degree to the town of Mocímboa da Praia.
The report highlights the execution quality of the actions undertaken by Mozambique LNG and their positive impact on the living conditions of local population. However, it recommends the establishment of a dedicated structure with increased resources to further expand these programmes and to integrate them into an ambitious and sustainable strategy of local development covering the whole province, and not only guided by the security of the project site.
Regarding the populations affected by the development of the Afungi industrial site, Rufin recommends several avenues of improvements to finalise in the best conditions the implementation of the resettlement plan and ensure the compensation of affected persons in accordance with the best practices. These improvements relate in particular to the update of the inventories of the affected persons’ assets, the payment timeline of compensations, the provision of agricultural land and the access to fishing areas.
Having considered the report and the recommendations made by Rufin, all Mozambique LNG partners have approved the following action plan:
Mozambique LNG shall establish a dedicated Foundation for the implementation a socio-economic development programme covering the whole territory of the Cabo Degaldo province, as part of a consistent and sustainable development strategy. The action of the Foundation will be guided by an objective of shared prosperity in the province, without waiting for the revenues expected during the production phase of the project. In order to sustain its action, this Foundation will be provided with a multi-annual budget of US$200mn. The Foundation will be headed by a recognised figure in the field of local economic development and overseen by a Board of Directors including representatives of Mozambique LNG and of the civil society. Its actions will be conducted in a coordinated manner with the activities carried out by the other development stakeholders present in the Cabo Delgado province. This Foundation will act under the name of 'Pamoja Tunaweza' ('together we can' in Kiswahili).
Regarding the populations affected by the development of the Afungi industrial site, the following actions will be implemented:
The relocation and compensation process will be audited to identify the corrective actions to be implemented.
The resettlement of the Quitupo village residents will be finalised without delay. To that end, Mozambique LNG will complete the construction of the new Quitunda village houses by the end of the Summer 2023. All Quitunda houses shall be equipped with access to solar energy.
The inventories of the assets of the populations affected by the project and subject to compensation (constructions, land plots and plantations) will be updated, to ensure that compensations fully reflect the current situation of these assets.
The payment of compensations to families affected by the project will be accelerated. A taskforce shall be set up together with the Mozambican authorities to enable all families to obtain, by the end of the summer in 2023, the legal documents required to receive the payments due to them.
Access of local communities to agricultural areas will be facilitated and enlarged. Given that the Mozambique LNG industrial facilities do not occupy the entire land area granted by the Government of Mozambique, a surface of about 2,000 hectares located in periphery of the site will be made available to local communities for agricultural activities.
Individual transportation means will be provided to the fishermen resettled in Quitunda, to facilitate their access to the various fishing areas.
Moreover, the report notes that the security situation in the north of Cabo Delgado has evolved positively in 2022 and recommends reviewing the framework of relations between Mozambique LNG and the Mozambican Defense Forces in light of this situation. Mozambique LNG has started a dialogue with the Mozambican authorities to this end.
Finally, a follow-up mission to monitor the implementation of this action plan will be carried out by Rufin at the request of Mozambique LNG project partners.